Implant Dentistry and Periodontics - Michael D. Edwards, DDS, MSD
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Gum Disease Causes and Treatments

What is Gum Disease?

Gum disease is one of the most common diseases facing Americans today. More than 80% of adults have some form of periodontal disease by the time they are 45. But, most of those people don't realize they have gum disease. The first stages are the easiest to ignore. Read on to learn how to catch gum disease early, before you end up losing teeth.

Gum Disease Treatment Indianapolis

If you are dealing with swollen or irritated gums, contact your Indianapolis periodontist today.

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Gum disease starts when plaque remains on the teeth, hardening into tartar. If you don't brush your teeth properly, it can harden enough where it can't be removed. It produces enamel-eroding acids that create dental decay The bacteria goes underneath the gum tissue, forming gingival pockets. As the pockets get bigger, they collect more food and bacteria, until they pull completely away from the teeth.

Eventually, it can turn into periodontal disease. Left alone, it can destroy the ligaments and soft tissue holding your teeth in place. If you don't treat periodontal disease, you can lose multiple teeth and even your jaw shape.


There are several different causes for gum disease, some of which can be avoided. Here are a few of the things that can put you at a higher risk for developing this condition.

How We Can Help

Gum Disease Treatment Indianapolis

If you are struggling with swollen, bleeding, or receding gums, your Indianapolis periodontist can help.

Dr. Michael Edwards has over 15 years of experience performing gum disease treatment to patients in Indianapolis and Fishers. No matter what stage you may be in, he is able to help with a custom treatment and maintenance plan to keep your teeth and gums healthy. With several surgical and non-surgical procedures, Dr. Edwards can make it work for you.

At Indy Implants, we offer the latest technology and procedures to limit pain and even healing time. Procedures like LANAP can quickly and almost painlessly treat moderate to advanced gum disease. For advanced technology and experienced dentists, come to one of Indy Implants' two locations for gum disease treatment.

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Stages of Gum Disease

You won’t wake up with full-blown periodontitis overnight. It progresses in stages, and every stage of the illness is completely treatable. Here are the stages of gum disease and how one of the best periodontists in Indianapolis and Fishers could help you.

Stage 1: Gingivitis

Early gingivitis comes with bad breath, bleeding while flossing, and red gums. During early gingivitis, the gum tissue starts to pull away from the teeth. It creates a pocket that measures between 2mm to 4mm deep.

Treatments for Gingivitis
Gingivitis is completely reversible with proper oral hygiene practices. Your Indianapolis periodontist might recommend a deep dental cleaning. Follow that with better daily hygiene to reverse inflammation and prevent dental problems.

Stage 2: Early Periodontitis


At any stage, you can get gum disease treatment in Indianapolis and Fishers today.

Don't let gum disease ruin your beautiful smile! Call us today for a consultation.

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Unfortunately, if gingivitis is untreated, it can turn into early periodontitis. The symptoms of early periodontitis include inflamed gum tissue, bad breath, and gingival pocket depths of between 4mm and 5mm.

Treatments for Early Periodontitis
To treat early periodontitis, your Indianapolis periodontist will remove surface bacteria and tartar. These treatments include scaling and planing, which helps to scrape away tartar from the teeth and from below the gumline. Your periodontist might also recommend antibiotics to treat underlying infections. You should also come back for deep cleanings, and overhaul your daily oral hygiene routine.

Stage 3: Moderate Periodontitis

Early periodontitis can turn into moderate periodontitis, where the bacteria attacks bone tissue. At this stage, the gingival pockets are as deep as 6mm to 7mm deep, creating loosened teeth, bad breath, and infections.

Treatments for Moderate Periodontitis
To resolve moderate periodontitis, periodontists might recommend advanced treatments such as LANAP. LANAP, which stands for Laser Assisted New Attachment Procedure, is an uninvasive, laser assisted procedure that zaps away bacteria in the gingival pockets. After it cleans and sanitizes the area, your Indianapolis periodontist uses special tools to resurface the teeth below the gum line, encouraging healing.

Stage 4: Advanced Periodontitis

By the time patients have developed advanced periodontitis, they are living with decaying teeth that are loose, missing, or infected. Patients report dental pain, extreme sensitivity, or visible infections. Patients with advanced periodontitis have gingival pocket depths of more than 7mm.

Treatments for Advanced Periodontitis
To treat advanced periodontitis, periodontists use a combination of the treatments above. Besides encouraging the patient to chance their daily routine, periodontists might also recommend antibiotics to control infections and LANAP for reattachment. The best periodontists in Indianapolis and Fishers might also recommend restorative procedures such as dental implants and crowns to restore damaged teeth.

If you think you have gum disease, make an appointment at Indy Implants today. Serving both Indianapolis and Fishers, your periodontist will help you restore your beautiful smile!